Divan Hafez

Divan Hafez, also known as “Divan-e-Hafez,” is a renowned collection of lyric poetry and one of the most celebrated works in Persian literature. It is attributed to Khwaja Shams-ud-Din Muhammad Hafez-e Shirazi, commonly known as Hafez. He was a 14th-century Persian poet who lived in Shiraz, Iran.

The Divan comprises around 500 ghazals, which are a form of lyrical poetry consisting of rhyming couplets and a recurring rhyme pattern. Hafez’s ghazals are highly regarded for their beauty, emotional depth, and intricate layers of meaning. They explore themes such as love, spirituality, nature, the passage of time, and the mysteries of human existence.

Hafez’s poetry is characterized by its profound wisdom, rich symbolism, and use of metaphorical language. His verses often employ imagery from Persian mythology, Sufi mysticism, and Persian cultural traditions. Hafez’s Divan is considered a masterpiece of Persian literature and has had a significant influence on Persian poetry and culture.

The poems in the Divan are written in the Persian language, specifically in a form of Persian poetry called “ghazal.” Each ghazal consists of several couplets (shers), and the final couplet typically includes the poet’s pen name, “takhallus.” Hafez’s ghazals are known for their musicality and lyrical flow, making them popular for recitation and singing.

Hafez’s Divan has been widely studied, translated, and interpreted by scholars and poets around the world. It has been translated into numerous languages, including English, French, German, and Russian, among others. Translations often strive to capture the essence and beauty of Hafez’s poetry while conveying the nuances of the Persian language and cultural context.

The Divan-e-Hafez has remained a cherished and influential work in Persian literature for centuries. It continues to inspire readers, poets, and artists with its timeless themes, poetic mastery, and spiritual insights. The poetry of Hafez holds a special place in the hearts of Iranians, and his tomb in Shiraz is a revered pilgrimage site for lovers of Persian literature.

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Word-Map of Divan Hafez
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